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What is literature review - What is a literature review?- Literature Review Tutorial- Library Guides at CQUniversity

Related Study Guides are The focus of the Study Guide is the literature review within a dissertation or a thesis, but many of the ideas are transferable to other kinds of writing, such as an extended essay, or a report.

A literature review describes academic papers which are relevant to a particular field or topic. You should then explain in the dissertation, how you intend to use this information.

Identify major trends or patterns As you read a range of articles on your topic, you should make note of trends and patterns over time as reported in the literature.

A literature review asks What do we know- or not know- about this particular issue topic subject? This has the advantage that, when you come to use that example in your writing up, you can choose to use the exact quote in inverted commas, with the reference and page number or to describe it in your own words, and use the standard reference format, without the page number, to acknowledge that it was someone else s idea. Maggio LA, Tannery NH, Kanter SL 2011 of literature search reporting in medical education reviews. Often this form is used to help establish a lack of appropriate theories or reveal that current theories are inadequate for explaining new or emerging research problems. Citations and References Your university will almost certainly have a preferred style for citations and references that you will need to use. Write the conceptual schema down before you forget or someone cleans up your slips of paper. Read the abstracts online and download and or print those articles that pertain to your area of research.


If their name keeps cropping up, and they have written many papers, the source is usually OK. What methods have they used to study the problem?


For example, a review of Victorian Age Physics, could present in a chronological order. Cook DA, West CP 2012 Conducting systematic reviews in medical education a stepwise approach.

The Literature means the major writings- especially scholarly writings- on the topic. A methodological scope will influence either the types of documents in the review or the way in which these documents are discussed.

Tips on Researching your Topic Make sure your topic is narrow- there are thousands of articles written in each subject every year.

The choice between different review types will have to be made on a case-by-case basis, depending not just on the nature of the material found and the preferences of the target journal s, but also on the time available to write the review and the number of coauthors.


Please turn JavaScript back on and reload this page. Keep your review focused on your topic make sure that the articles you find are relevant and directly related to your topic.


The unit of analysis can focus on a theoretical concept or a whole theory or framework. With reviews, the usual subdivision of research papers into introduction, methods, results, and discussion does not work or is rarely used.

To help you do this, you will need to establish a structure to work to. Persuasiveness Which of the author s theses are most least convincing? How you end the review, however, will depend on your reason for writing it. In a research study, how good are the basic components of the study design e. You need to critique your own interpretation of material, and to present your rationale, so that your reader can follow your thinking. A literature review consists of two distinct parts. Disagreement about the constructs you are investigating When you find any of these five things, type the relevant excerpt directly into a Word document. Synthesis The term synthesis refers to the bringing together of material from different sources, and the creation of an integrated whole.


They may be incorporated into a Background section, or can come just before or after the Background.

Value Are the author s arguments and conclusions convincing? discussing in your review the approaches, limitations, and conclusions of past reviews, trying to find a new angle that has not been covered adequately in the previous reviews, and incorporating new material that has inevitably accumulated since their appearance.


Your literature review should also demonstrate how your study does or will relate to previous work, and how it either fills gaps, or responds to calls for further work.


I have played Search for Follow Blog via Email Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. 1988 Case study research in education a qualitative approach. argument for argument against description example theory link. As a general rule, certainly for a longer review, each paragraph should address one point, and present and evaluate all of the evidence, from all of the differing points of view.


What is the relationship between the theoretical and research perspectives?


If this produces a more relevant and streamlined argument it is well worth the effort.


A literature review has four main objectives It the literature in your chosen area of study It the information in that literature into a summary It the information gathered by identifying gaps in current knowledge by showing limitations of theories and points of view and by formulating areas for further research and reviewing areas of controversy It the literature in an organised way A literature review shows your readers that you have an in-depth grasp of your subject and that you understand where your own research fits into and adds to an existing body of agreed knowledge. Historical Review Few things rest in isolation from historical precedent. This approach helps highlight ethical issues which you should be aware of and consider as you go through your own study. Your gaze is not neutral I am often asked about the ways in which I use blogs for research purposes. Rule 9 Include Your Own Relevant Research, but Be Objective In many cases, reviewers of the literature will have published studies relevant to the review they are writing. edu 804 828-6555 Cabell Library, Room 121F Want to meet to talk about your research, teaching, or projects?


Use Evidence A literature review section is, in this sense, just like any other academic research paper. Given such mountains of papers, scientists cannot be expected to examine in detail every single new paper relevant to their interests. Likewise, a literature review can also have an argument, but it is not as important as covering a number of sources. Consider the following issues before writing the literature review Clarify If your assignment is not very specific about what form your literature review should take, seek clarification from your professor by asking these questions 1. The body of literature includes all studies that address related or identical hypotheses.


Examples of literature reviews as a sub-section include A component in a larger research project or paper A chapter in a thesis or dissertation A mandatory section if you want to write and publish a scholarly journal article The analysis of existing research performed before a research proposal A component in the background or justification when applying for grant money Or it can be a stand-alone bibliographic essay A literature review assigned for class on its own, to understand and write up current research on a topic An analytical essay synthesizing an annotated bibliography into a formal paper A review article that you write to publish in a scholarly journal You may have already written a research paper that was really a literature review!


Furthermore, because items on the internet are frequently changed, you may find that something you read yesterday is no longer available in the same form today. It s tempting to want to include every study that appeared in the key word search of your topic.


Make sure you understand how this works before you start writing your literature review and use it consistently throughout.

A literature review refers to a paper that focuses on a set of published information in a particular subject area, usually for a set period of time. Warning The NCBI web site requires JavaScript to function.

The exception being if the study cited is significant because of its methodology only then would you offer more methodological detail. Systematic Approaches to a Successful Literature Review. Tsafnat G, Dunn A, Glasziou P, Coiera E 2013 The automation of systematic reviews. Your university or college supervisor will be able to give you an idea of how many sources you should include in your literature review. It is probably best to treat it as a research project in its own right. Generally, the purpose of a review is to analyze critically a segment of a published body of knowledge through summary, and comparison of prior research studies, reviews of literature, and theoretical articles. Whose interests are being served by this message? 55 M4 P38 2004 Database of master s theses written by CSU, Chico students, from 2009 on. Typically, the goal of a literature review is to give the reader a better understanding of the current published information in a particular field by summarizing the major developments in that field using academic research articles limited to that specific subject.

in essence, like describing trees when you really should be describing a forest. Identify any relevant published literature reviews, annotated or dissertations.


Select from one of the other courses available Discover 30 more articles on this topic Don t miss these related articles 1 2 3 4 5 Save this course for later Don t have time for it all now? Critically analyze the distinction between authors interpretation of their data and the actual empirical evidence presented. This person can help you identify relevant sources, and create effective electronic searches they help you to find information, provide training in information skills and the use of databases and can help you to develop your research skills.

Examples of literature reviews as a sub-section include A component in a larger research project or paper A chapter in a thesis or dissertation A mandatory section if you want to write and publish a scholarly journal article The analysis of existing research performed before a research proposal A component in the background or justification when applying for grant money Or it can be a stand-alone bibliographic essay A literature review assigned for class on its own, to understand and write up current research on a topic An analytical essay synthesizing an annotated bibliography into a formal paper A review article that you write to publish in a scholarly journal You may have already written a research paper that was really a literature review!

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