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What is literature review - Literature Review- Statistics Solutions

You are free to copy, share and adapt any text in the article, as long as you give appropriate credit and provide a link reference to this page. Practical Assessment, Research Evaluation, 14 13, 1-13. A literature review is a summary of a subject field that supports the identification of specific research questions.


Spend time working out which of the available databases are going to be most useful for your topic, including asking the librarians for advice.


Point out overall trends in what has been published about the topic or conflicts in theory, methodology, evidence, and conclusions or gaps in research and scholarship or a single problem or new perspective of immediate interest.

What other sections you include in the body is up to you but include only what is necessary for the reader to locate your study within the larger scholarship framework. For these reasons, a general rule of thumb is that you should only rely on internet resources from the websites of organisations whose information you already know to be reputable, like SkillsYouNeed. Although recognition for scientists mainly comes from primary research, timely literature reviews can lead to new synthetic insights and are often widely read.


Not all ideas in the literature review are used to construct your study s conceptual framework. Methodological Review A review does not always focus on what someone said findings, but how they came about saying what they say method of analysis.

However, note that they can also introduce problems of bias when they are used to make summary claims of the sort found in systematic reviews see below. You can by breaking it down into a number of stages Define the problem Search for relevant materials Evaluate the materials Analyse the findings You then need to into an introduction, the main body, and the conclusion.

On the one hand, if you take several years to choose, several other people may have had the same idea in the meantime. Include a critical and inclusive review of previous empirical research related to the relevant topic.

Citations and References Your university will almost certainly have a preferred style for citations and references that you will need to use. Learn to skim quickly through article headings to evaluate the relevance of the study to your work. Structure As with any piece of extended writing, structure is crucial. The literature review provides the historical background for your research describes issues, debates, theories, concepts and related research in the field and shows how your research will extend these or address a gap. Or the review might focus on the fundraising impact of the Internet on a particular political party.


Does the work ultimately contribute in any significant way to an understanding of the subject? Your goal is to summarize in your own words the studies you have found that provide documentation of your position or serve as background.


Identify relationships among studies note relationships among studies, such as which studies were landmark ones that led to subsequent studies in the same area. Often student research in APA fields falls into this category.

Chris Hart offers invaluable advice on how to search out existing knowledge on a topic analyze arguments and ideas map ideas, arguments and perspectives produce a literature review and construct a case for investigating a topic. Write the conceptual schema down before you forget or someone cleans up your slips of paper. The literature review will also be crucial in building your bibliography of citations, sources, and references. Students often misinterpret the term literature review to mean a collection of source summaries, similar to annotations or article abstracts. Research methods Summary of research results Step 6 Synthesize the literature prior to writing your review Using the notes that you have taken and summary tables, develop an outline of your final review.

those of theory, substantive fields, research approaches and data collection and analysis techniques, enables researchers to draw on a wide variety of knowledge ranging from the conceptual level to practical documents for use in fieldwork in the areas of ontological and consideration, quantitative and qualitative integration, sampling, interviewing, data collection and data analysis, and helps highlight many ethical issues which we should be aware of and consider as we go through our study.


The easiest way is to scan the work, using the and as guides. Step 4 Analyze the literature Once you have identified and located the articles for your review, you need to analyze them and organize them before you begin writing Overview the articles Skim the articles to get an idea of the general purpose and content of the article focus your reading here on the abstract, introduction and first few paragraphs, the conclusion of each article. Be in control, not totally deferent to or tossed about by previous literature. Practical Assessment, Research and Evaluation, 14 13, 1 13. A review is a required part of grant and research proposals and often a chapter in theses and dissertations.


Generally, the purpose of a review is to analyze critically a segment of a published body of knowledge through summary, and comparison of prior research studies, reviews of literature, and theoretical articles., journals, books, government documents, popular media?


They may be incorporated into a Background section, or can come just before or after the Background. In writing the literature review, your purpose is to convey to your reader what knowledge and ideas have been established on a topic, and what their strengths and weaknesses are. Is the material presented in the most effective order?


Some are summaries of recent published research, others analyze the published research that is both summary and synthesis. It is important that your research fits logically within the existing research in your area, and you may have found an ideal study to link with and to extend in some way.


Also, it may still be possible to include some of this learning in your write-up, when you explain why you decided not to use Method A.


Checklist of Questions for Critical Reading Ask yourself the following questions to decide whether or not a particular piece of work is worth including in your literature review. Systematic Approaches to a Successful Literature Review. Integral citations are those where the name of the cited author occurs in the citing sentence. The University of Toronto s Writing Center provides a comprehensive you can use to analyze your sources. Standards the way in which you present your information. Are there a maximum or minimum number of sources that your review should include? It may be mainly a case of cutting and pasting material into a different order, with some additional explanation and linking. Sections That Might Be Included in a Review Provide a historical account or background of the development of the theory or research program reviewed.


How does this article relate to what I already know about the subject and how does it compare with that written on the same topic by other authors?

While a summary of the what you have read is contained within the literature review, it goes well beyond merely summarizing professional literature. This shows how your research should relate to major works and other sources. Structure As with any piece of extended writing, structure is crucial. The purpose is to develop a body of literature that establishes a contrarian viewpoint. Is it glossy, with lots of pictures, diagrams, etc.

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