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What is a literature review essay - Writing a Literature Review

Literature review chapter from unpublished master s thesis, University of Minnesota Duluth, Minnesota.

How does the author approach the study- from a theoretical, experimental, interpretive, or clinical etc. Additional literature was reviewed so as to provide a justification for a second objective to be investigated in the study reported on in this chapter. Paragraph form Each of your body paragraphs should have a topic sentence. Thank you, Jennifer, I also confused on this difference between literature reviews and essays. in RefWorks, put these under User 2 or User 3 in Excel have a separate column for each descriptor if you use Inspiration, you might attach a separate note for key descriptors.

Include authors last names only, year of publication, and page or paragraph numbers for EACH in-text citation. It is also important to see the writing stage as part of the research process, not something that happens after you have finished reading the literature.


if you are studying three different methodologies, then you can break your body into three main sections Go through all of the literature in detail, in an organized fashion Discussion Conclusion Restate your thesis Wrap up your review by drawing everything together and making sure it is clear what conclusions you draw about your topic or field of study based on the research studies you read and analyzed. History the chronological progression of the field, the literature, or an idea that is necessary to understand the literature review, if the body of the literature review is not already a chronology.

Describes the relationship of each source to the others that you have selected Identifies new ways to interpret, and shed light on any gaps in, previous research Points the way forward for further research. How will your topic uniquely contribute to this body of knowledge?


Here again, if the same authors are being cited again and again, this may indicate no new literature has been written on the topic. There is, after all, no point in reinventing the wheel, i. Such sentences give the impression that little has been read or absorbed, that the student has just copied down a list of names, and that they have not interacted with the books they have mentioned. At this point consider Does your study extend current research?

When searching the literature for pertinent papers and reviews, the usual rules apply use different keywords and database sources e.


The analytical features of a literature review might Give a new interpretation of old material or combine new with old Trace the intellectual progression of the field, including major debates, Depending on the situation, evaluate the sources and advise the reader on the most pertinent or relevant research, or Usually in the conclusion of a literature review, identify where gaps exist in how a problem has been researched to date. Bookmark papers, which may be relevant, in one folder and make another subfolder for a shortlist. You should select only the most important points in each source. It is advisable then to reformulate such quotes with your own words in the final draft.

studies have usually been cross sectional and have examined what variables influenced congressional voting for increases in the federal minimum wage. In this case the whole will be your structured review of relevant work, and your coherent argument for the study that you are doing.

Continue the text on the same line Feature number two. Consequently, a great deal of research has focussed on the unreliability of eyewitness testimony refs. However, few studies have used this methodology, and those that have, have yielded mixed findings.

uk internal studyadvice StudyResources Essays Registered office Venture House, Cross Street, Arnold, Nottingham, NG5 7PJ. Be in control, not totally deferent to or tossed about by previous literature. One way of doing this is to examine each paragraph in turn, and to write in the margin a very brief summary of the content, and the type of content e.

Doing Your Literature Review Traditional and Systematic Techniques. The advantage of using Excel is that it enables you to sort your findings according to a variety of factors e. No problem, save it as a course and come back to it later. Continue the text on the same line Feature number two. Rule 4 Choose the Type of Review You Wish to Write After having taken notes while reading the literature, you will have a rough idea of the amount of material available for the review. It is therefore probably worth allocating some time to sitting in the library, with issues from the last year or two of the most relevant journals for your research topic, and reviewing them for anything of relevance. Create a topic outline that traces your argument first explain to the reader your line or argument or thesis then your narrative that follows should explain and justify your line of argument. What can you notice about how the students have organised their reviews?

How the review is incorporated generally depends on the field of study A literature review can have a number of purposes within a thesis.

Synthesis The term synthesis refers to the bringing together of material from different sources, and the creation of an integrated whole.


Convey to your reader what knowledge and ideas have been established on a topic. Rosenfeld RM 1996 How to systematically review the medical literature.

Remember that the reference lists of recent articles and reviews can lead to valuable papers. The links below will give you an opportunity to take a look at some sample literature reviews so that you will have a sense of what your literature review should look like. Bastian H, Glasziou P, Chalmers I 2010 Seventy-five trials and eleven systematic reviews a day how will we ever keep up?

In an essay, mentioning the people who discovered or developed the knowledge is generally only for referencing purposes. The review must be shaped by a focus on key areas of interest, including research which provides a background to the topic depending on whether it is for an Honours thesis or for a PhD. Spend the most time discussing the sources which are most directly relevant to your research. If the same thing is being said, just by different people, then this likely demonstrates that the research problem has hit a conceptual dead end. are particularly relevant to the process of critical review. Practical Assessment, Research Evaluation, 14 13, 1-13.

Conducting Research Literature Reviews From the Internet to Paper.


Staff and students in your area can be good sources of ideas about where to look for relevant literature. studies have usually been cross sectional and have examined what variables influenced congressional voting for increases in the federal minimum wage. Conducting Research Literature Reviews From the Internet to Paper. commonly asked questions regarding how to cite electronic media Examples of literature reviews Johnson, B. Example A From the School of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences 1.


For example, combine your topic somewhat narrowed with only one of the following additional search terms at a time Psychology, Sociology, Anthropology, Political Science, Economics, and History.

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