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Literature review for research project - Writing a literature review six steps to get you from start to finish Wiley

Ideas and insights also come from discussions with coauthors and colleagues, as well as feedback from reviewers and editors. In chapter 4, it is stressed that undertaking a literature review requires developing a complex set of skills and this you can only do by undertaking literature reviews. A holistic picture of the research area should be exposed such as what have been done by previous researches what are the gaps and where are the problems which will be solved in the primary research.


The literature review examines how researchers have approached a problem and the strengths and weaknesses in their work, establishes the relationships between different works, identifies any areas of controversy in the subject, and shows what questions need further research.

Erren TC, Cullen P, Erren M 2009 How to surf today s information tsunami on the craft of effective reading. com Count Develop general explanation for observed variationsin a behavior or phenomenon. Models and algorithms for road network design A review and some new developments.

The aim of a Literature Review when it is conducted as part of a thesis or dissertation is to review, summarise, analyse and evaluate these sources in order to identify their strengths and weaknesses, and to identify a gap in the current literature that the thesis aims to fill. While a summary of the what you have read is contained within the literature review, it goes well beyond merely summarizing professional literature.


Even when paraphrasing an author s work, you still must provide a citation to that work.


In the medical literature, many papers publish empirical results for tests of medicine, prescribing protocols for data collections e. Identifies which explanations are likely to be valid in explaining the results of experiments conducted for this thesis. Associate Professor of Sociology, University of California, Merced Writing a literature review is often the most daunting part of writing an article, book, thesis, or dissertation.

It should not take more than two or three dedicated sessions.

For the Internet in American presidential politics project, one methodological approach would be to look at cultural differences between the portrayal of American presidents on American, British, and French websites., DBLP, Google Scholar, ISI Proceedings, JSTOR Search, Medline, Scopus, Web of Science, and look at who has cited past relevant papers and book chapters.


Read the abstracts online and download and or print those articles that pertain to your area of research. Your review of the literature positions you within the academic conversation in your field. Conducting a good literature review is a matter of experience, and even the best scientists have fallen into the trap of using poor evidence. Canadian Public Administration 35 Winter 1992 519-33.


They should know some good and reputable sources to look at.


A third reason for rejection is that the paper has not been fully developed, as it is really an early draft. Objectivity is the author s perspective even-handed or prejudicial? Two common ways are and thematically. In case of relatively long abstracts it could also include the background introduction of the topic, its research questions, and its methodologies. There are many reasons why a review of the current literature should be conducted before beginning a research project or conducting original research. Are the author s arguments supported by evidence e. You will be looking for books, monographs, journal articles, conference papers, theses published and unpublished, reports, papers, and studies on your topic.

HubPages is a registered Service Mark of HubPages, Inc. Author Yoon Sik Kim 2 years ago from Republic of Oklahoma Thank you very much for your excellent comments! Does the selected source contribute to a more profound understanding of the subject? When starting from scratch, reviewing the literature can require a titanic amount of work.

For such summaries to be useful, however, they need to be compiled in a professional way.


A literature review surveys books, scholarly articles, and any other sources relevant to a particular issue, area of research, or theory, and by so doing, provides a description, summary, and critical evaluation of these works in relation to the research problem being investigated.

as an assignment on its own and not part of a thesis. Word limits for any paper often create problems, as authors have difficulties in keeping to externally imposed constraints, and an LRP is no exception.

Rapple C 2011 The role of the critical review article in alleviating information overload. Of course, you have not plagiarized anything from that publication however, if and when you publish your work, people will be suspicious of your authenticity.


It is much easier to summarise with the use of tables, graphics, and other illustrative material, and it should also make the narrative easier to follow for the reader.

For instance, you could order a review of literature on environmental studies of brown fields if the progression revealed, for example, a change in the soil collection practices of the researchers who wrote and or conducted the studies.

Are the author s arguments supported by evidence e. I think that it enables the researcher to define the gap in order to know from which point he will start his research study Thank to all collegues for your answer. Rule 4 Choose the Type of Review You Wish to Write After having taken notes while reading the literature, you will have a rough idea of the amount of material available for the review. This means that the structure is weak, the evidence is partial, and there is no real content or thought in the LRP. It is not a chronological catalog of all of the sources, but an evaluation, integrating the previous research together, and also explaining how it integrates into the proposed research program. Technological paradigms and technological trajectories A suggested interpretation of the determinants and directions of social change. Feedback is vital to writing a good review, and should be sought from a variety of colleagues, so as to obtain a diversity of views on the draft.


Remember that if you rely too heavily on outside material and citations, you do not show enough of your own thinking. Journal of Evidence-Based Social Work, 7 5, 382-399. Image Credit Source Goldmund Lukic Getty Images Related posts 137600 Views Tags none, By author By date By tag Jive Software Version 8. Consider the following issues before writing the literature review Clarify If your assignment is not very specific about what form your literature review should take, seek clarification from your professor by asking these questions 1. Testability and replicability of the findings of the current research are enhanced. While the misinformation effect is a phenomenon, what remains in dispute is the nature of a satisfactory theoretical explanation ref. Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners.


Erren TC, Cullen P, Erren M 2009 How to surf today s information tsunami on the craft of effective reading. Calls for follow-up studies relevant to your project 4.


Please feel free to visit my Facebook here to cool off your brain or work out your writer s block I really benefited from the write up, thank you for doing good job Author Yoon Sik Kim 6 months ago from Republic of Oklahoma Hi, Ruth et al, Please do visit my bee-rescue website here Author Yoon Sik Kim 6 months ago from Republic of Oklahoma Thank you very much for your comment.

, Web of Knowledge Citation database and to identify who has subsequently cited leading scholars already identified in your literature review.


A review can also help to refresh the information base of a researcher returning to a subject area after some time away from it.

It is not a chronological catalog of all of the sources, but an evaluation, integrating the previous research together, and also explaining how it integrates into the proposed research program. It is a good idea, as part of your literature search, to look for existing literature reviews that have already been written on this topic. What types of sources should I review books, journal articles, websites scholarly versus popular sources?


Tsafnat G, Dunn A, Glasziou P, Coiera E 2013 The automation of systematic reviews. The Literature Review provides the background to and justification for the research that the researcher has undertaken and is now reporting in the thesis. Step 5 Summarize the literature in table or concept map format Galvan 2006 recommends building tables as a key way to help you overview, organize, and summarize your findings, and suggests that including one or more of the tables that you create may be helpful in your literature review. Keffer Library 651-962-4642 Circulation 651-962-4664 Reference 651-962-4640 Hours MOH 206, 1000 LaSalle Ave, Minneapolis, MN 55403 What is a literature review? Feelingsafe the psychosocial needs of ICU patients.


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This is the most common form of review in the social sciences. Electronic literature search through web maybe very useful, but sometimes it can be timeconsuming unpredictable because there aremany website web pages that can lead toinformation overload confusion. See also This unit applies to the following area s of study Authorised by Student and Education Business Services. Next, one would expect to see the presentation of an overview of the literature reviewed, often in the form of a table or a series of tables. Systematic Approaches to a Successful Literature Review. How to write a literature review Help Writing Concordia University Library Study resources Campus services What s New Faculties, Schools Colleges Study resources Campus services What s New Faculties, Schools Colleges How to write a literature review What is a literature review The literature review is a written overview of major writings and other sources on a selected topic.

This way, by the time you have read the literature you selected, you will already have a rough draft of the review. It is important to be careful in noting the references already at this stage, so as to avoid Five pieces of advice here keep track of the search items you use so that your search can be replicated, keep a list of papers whose pdfs you cannot access immediately so as to retrieve them later with alternative strategies, use a paper management system e. Tips for a good literature review Table 2 Tips for a Good Literature Review 3, 4 Tips Methods Ask yourself questions ask self questions about purpose, like What is the specific thesis, problem, or research question that my literature review helps to define? This is particularly true in disciplines in medicine and the sciences where research conducted becomes obsolete very quickly as new discoveries are made. For example, a literature review that focuses on continuing research about the emergence of German economic power after the fall of the Soviet Union. Bertamini M, Munaf MR 2012 Bite-size science and its undesired side effects. By grouping themes or topics of research together, you will be able to demonstrate the types of topics that are important to your research. Using variables for each congressional district, they found larger political contributions by unions and larger proportions of low-income families increased the probability of an affirmative vote, while larger campaign contributions from small business and larger proportions of teen-age workers reduced the probability.

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