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Writing a summary on an essay - Good and poor examples of executive summaries

If you re assigned a summary in school, the best way to approach it is by reviewing the piece you re summarizing. Before we examine how to use source information in your research papers, let s review what plagiarism is and how to avoid it. For instance, if you were asked to summarize the story of Shakespeare s Hamlet, you might say It s the story of a young prince of Denmark who discovers that his uncle and his mother have killed his father, the former king.


Make sure your main points are clearly stated use topic sentences, and connect each point to your thesis as explicitly as possible. It doesn t contain any idea s not found in the original passage. Thesis statements and topic sentences are essentially summaries so, often, are conclusions. To introduce the first one, she gives the author s full name and the title of his book. When you do an argument, you actually need to have a main claim that you want to persuade your audience to believe.


Tips on Writing Summaries Step One Prewriting Read the article quickly. Don t insert any of your evaluations or judgments about the text. You can also ask yourself what point or points or themes come up throughout the entire piece.

You literally need to repeat the information given in the original text, but in a shorter frame and in your own words.


Write the first draft of your synthesis, following your organizational plan. Will give you actionable steps in organizing your essays There are two basic types of summaries a reader summary, that you compose to develop a better understanding of what you have read, or a summary essay, which is written for others and is an overview of an original text. It follows that the better able you are to discover such relationships, the better able you will be to use your sources in writing syntheses. Here is a sample sort of sentence is the issue addressed in article s title by author s name. For many college papers, it s a good idea to have lots of analysis and minimal summary description. Starch is just one of the ingredients that contribute to the crispiness of potato chips. On a separate review, check each sentence for hints of subjectivity or judgment, and remove them where you find them. Make sure the last sentence of each paragraph leads into the next paragraph. And then you introduce the characters and the main idea of the story or book. If you do summarize, keep your summary brief and to the point.


I really enjoyed this page and found the examples very helpful! This thesis statement is not your main point it is the main point of your source.


In fact, probably only about 10 of the final copy should consist of directly quoted material. Interpretive summary differs from true summary by putting a spin on the materials, giving the reader hints about your assessment of the source.

Examples Further insight into income inequality is provided by Dr. Paraphrase Write it in Your Own Words Paraphrasing can be tricky, and requires some additional practice. Have you read or heard anything that applies to this what the writer said in the article or book?


Paraphrased material is usually shorter than the original passage, taking a somewhat broad segment of the source and condensing it slightly. Fill the framework You now have a rough framework, in the form of a series of topic sentences, for your entire paper. The body of a summary essay one or more paragraphs This paraphrases and condenses the original piece. For example, you might want to write a summary essay on Catcher in the Rye book Citizen Kane film Hitchhiker s Guide to the Galaxy book Captain Fantastic film Lord of the Rings book Song of Two Humans film Of Mice and Men book Mad Max Fury Road film Moby Dick book Ben Hurr film For Whom the Bell Tolls by Ernest Hemingway A movie by Ingmar Bergman A novel by Jack London The Critique of Pure Reason by Immanuel Kant An article in The New York Times A blog post of a famous journalist Key Points to Consider One of the most important aspects about a summary essay is its connection to the source.- Every poem ever writtenPoets are extremely sensitive.


Then put the quote away, so it is out of sight, and begin writing the paraphrase. Don t focus on the evidence that the author uses to support those points. You should not write what you think are the author s strong or weak arguments. In the first reading you want to get the general notion of the essay.

What type of heading is normally used in an article summary? Can that person understand the sense of the article by reading your summary? Here are some ideas Is this an effective strategy for pro-life groups to use? A conclusion is what you will leave with your reader It wraps up your essay It demonstrates to the reader that you accomplished what you set out to do It shows how you have proved your thesis It provides the reader with a sense of closure on the topic Structure A conclusion is the opposite of the introduction Remember that the introduction begins general and ends specific The conclusion begins specific and moves to the general Essay Structure So, if we use shapes to demonstrate the essay s content, it would look like this Introduction Thesis statement Body of Essay Rephrased thesis statement Conclusion What to include Your conclusion wraps up your essay in a tidy package and brings it home for your reader Your topic sentence should summarize what you said in your thesis statement This suggests to your reader that you have accomplished what you set out to accomplish Do not simply restate your thesis statement, as that would be redundant Rephrase the thesis statement with fresh and deeper understanding Your conclusion is no place to bring up new ideas Your supporting sentences should summarize what you have already said in the body of your essay If a brilliant idea tries to sneak into the final paragraph, you must pluck it out and let it have its own paragraph in the body, or leave it out completely Your topic for each body paragraph should be summarized in the conclusion Wrap up the main points Your closing sentence should help the reader feel a sense of closure Your closing sentence is your last word on the subject it is your clincher Demonstrate the importance of your ideas Propel your reader to a new view of the subject End on a positive note Your closing sentence should make your readers glad they read your paper Strategies for an effective conclusion Play the So What Game.

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