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Ethical issues in research - Ethical Research Methodology

There are several reasons why it is important to adhere to ethical norms inresearch. For people to support and fund research, they have to be confident in it. Once you click on share, a link will be provided. And on the rare occasions when I ve seen someone who s part of that culture attempt to study the group he she is part of, it resulted in a rippling sense of resentment and betrayal among those who find such things underhanded. not use on people participating, as was the case with the obtain from all involved in the study.


, 2010, In a Video Game, Tackling the Complexities of Protein Folding, New York Times, August 4. The patient s consent should be obtained freely, with full awareness of implications. As a first step, they should discuss with parents of potential child subjects and community what tests they will be conducting, explaining the limitations of the experimental tests and the potential of results. Others drew less pernicious scenarios but still believed that the information would favor the United States in its relationship with these countries.


The concept of social media entails A group of Internet-based applications that build on the ideological and technological foundations of Web 2. Be sure to provide the IRB with detailed and comprehensive information about the study, such as the consent process, how participants will be recruited and how confidential information will be protected, says Bullock. Research on housing health hazards in homes can have unintended consequences for individuals who are not study participants subjects, as defined in the federal regulations individuals with whom researchers interact or about whom they collect identifiable information. While research on children s use of the internet requires consideration of universal ethical principles, this type of research presents unique ethical dilemmas which reflect the diverse contexts and the nature of internet use in the varied social, political and economic environments that exist globally Hongladarom Ess, 2007. Researchers must address and inform participants subjects about potential risk of data intrusion or of data if subsequently made public or available outside of the confines of the original research.


1999 Equality studies, the academy and the role of research in emancipatory social change, The Economic and Social Review, 30 1, 41-69 Available Online Abstract This paper analyses the role of research in relation to social change.

National Research Council and Institute of Medicine. Frequent breaks or rest periods should be planned to avoid against possible boredom or fatigue. The vulnerability of the sick and the lack of patient participation in health care, creates a danger of patient exploitation by nurses. 3 National Human Genome Research Institute Web site on the Internet. Endorsing these methods in this context need not imply that ethical decisions are irrational, however. However, they do have an obligation to do what is reasonable under the circumstances.

The fact remains, however, that it is difficult to verify the age and identity of the respondent, and that this may be an insurmountable obstacle in the current technological context.


The ICN code for nurses in research, states that nurses as practitioners may be called upon to witness that informed and voluntary consent has been obtained from the subjects of research. AHEC, assisted by an expert Advisory Group, developed an issues paper released for public consultation in late 2011 as Ethical Issues in Research into Alcohol and Other Drugs An issues paper exploring the need for a guidance framework. This in turn depends on protection of intellectual property rights of all the contributors, established through implementation of ethical These questions are therefore of direct concern to SSHWC, which proposes the 10 listed at the beginning of this paper. Smith, Wheeler, and Diener 1975 noted that research assistants view the alteration of data as similar to cheating on classroom tests, a fairly common practice. Substitute Sometimes research can only be carried out on people who are in a fairly advanced stage of e.


2015 What is Ethics in Research and Why is it Important? However, the researchers should have provided background information about the study and how the information obtained will be used either on the questionnaire or in a cover letter.


Fairfield agrees An avatar, for example, does not merely represent a collection of pixels it represents the identity of the user 2012, p. or used as research tools email, discussion groups, chat rooms, online online intervention sites, etc.

Even if the causal links between a housing condition and an adverse health outcome are established, however, it may be uncertain how to prevent or remedy the condition. Many claim that prejudice against high-risk groups such as homosexuals and intravenous drug users has slowed progress and reduced needed funding in research on AIDS Panem, 1985. People are more likely to fund a research project if they can trust the quality and integrity of research. You also have the right to Decide not to take part in the study, or decide to drop out, at any time.

Search Ethical Considerations can be specified as one of the most important parts of the research.

Any researcher can apply to the NIH for a Certificate of whether or not the research is federally funded.


Morreim discussed the AbioCor Artificial Heart Trial as an example in which the company, ABIOMED, tried unsuccessfully to implement a limited policy designed to protect the privacy of the research participants as well as the research clinical team. Although a cure for syphilis was found after the start of the study, it was decided not to treat them and they had not been told that penicillin was effective to their disease.


Researcher should maintain a trustworthy relationship with the respondents, so that their responses will not be divulged to others.

Mayeroff describes caring as an interaction which offers space for personal growth for both the carer and the cared. However, even when legal obligations don t exist, there is an ethical obligation to act in cases when the risk is imminent and serious.

In addition, researchers may be in a special position to prevent harms from housing health hazards because they have expertise about housing hazards and a unique opportunity to intervene because they are in subjects homes.


Usually it is no problem getting permission for It is important to remember, however, that misconduct occurs only when researchers intend to deceive honest errors related to sloppiness, poor record keeping, bias, and even negligence do not constitute misconduct. A plan would include identifying who has access to the data identifying who is maintaining the of the data describing the measures for protecting the physical security and software security of the data ensuring that authentication and authorization are required for those who have access to medical data by providing firewalls, data encryption, and password protection a contingency plan for dealing with any breach of 4.

However, when nurses participate in research they have to cope with three value systems society nursing and science which may be in conflict with the values of subjects, communities, and societies and create tensions and dilemmas in nursing. In Readings in virtual research ethics Issues and controversies, E. Vulnerable groups of people Nowadays, there is an increased concern about vulnerable groups and whether it is ethical or not for them to be used as research subjects. This argument of the public park analogy that has been generally accepted by researchers is appropriate for some Internet venues and tools, but not all Context, intent, sensitivity of data, and expectations of Internet participants were identified in 2004 by Sveninngsson as crucial markers in Internet research ethics Such boards are given wide latitude for the research they review.

This collapse of tool and venue can be traced primarily to the increasing use of third party sites and applications such as Facebook, Google, or any of the myriad online survey tools where subject or participant recruitment, data collection, data analysis, and data dissemination can all occur in the same space. Plagiarism is rare because it is usually apparent in the more actively pursued areas of research. This statement is not congruent with the culture of nursing which is intertwined with the ethic of caring. Openness Share data, results, ideas, tools, resources.


Method and material Using the Medline and the Nursing Cinahl data base, the most important ethical issues which appear in bibliography, will be addressed. Or perhaps a university administrator sees no ethical problem in taking a large gift with strings attached from a pharmaceutical company.

Additionally, because microbes that may benefit some may be communicated to others and harm them, we will have to evaluate and assess the complex potential public health risks associated with studies of conditions such as obesity and asthma. The paper provides 1 an overview of potential ethical issues that need to be considered when undertaking the GKO research programme, 2 a step-by-step guide, illustrated by relevant case studies, to questions and approaches to consider before or when ethical dilemmas arise throughout the research process, 3 useful references to support ethical practice in GKO, 4 a protection protocol template to assist reflection on and documentation of actions that can be taken to ensure that children and communities are protected throughout the research process, and finally 5 templates and guidance on how to handle participant disclosure of abuse revealed during the research process.

PII can be obtained by researchers through scraping data sources, profiles or avatars, or other pieces of data made available by the human behind the avatar or other representation Odwazny Buchanan 2011. Taking advantage of privileged information or violating is a problem that is difficult to detect.

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