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Writing literature review in research paper - The structure of a literature review

For instance, you might explain that your review includes only peer-reviewed articles and journals.


You can also negotiate the price with the tutor directly and decide on which tutoring option will be the best fit for your needs. A review organized in this manner would shift between time periods within each section according to the point made. APA guidelines overview of common core of elements of APA style. I am working on a literary review on a couple articles having to do with college football players getting paid, I have started my intro with info about the college athletic industry and how it is controversial, but how do I introduce transition into the articles and the actually literary review?

Purpose of a Literature Review In scholarly writing, the new ideas you present need to rest on your assessment of the previous and current literature on your topic.


If you are employing a thesis statement, place it toward the end of your introductory paragraph. Your thesis statement will not necessarily argue for a position or an opinion rather, it will argue for a particular perspective on the material. Literature review outline s pecifics create brilliant papers! If there is a natural progression radical to conservative, for example between the sources, this works swimmingly. A literature review typically contains the following sections Title page Introduction section List of references Some instructors may also want you to write an abstract for a literature review, so be sure to check with them when given an assignment. You should be considering what themes and ideas connect your sources together. Do this for each article and book that you have in your stack of literature.

Review not just what scholars are saying, but how are they saying it. The easiest way is to scan the work, using the and as guides. It is recommended to summarize each source separately, reference it accurately, and after that, group the sources thematically. Conducting Research Literature Reviews From the Internet to Paper. Any research that may be relevant should be moved to the shortlist folder. The most trustworthy conclusions are those reached in double-blind randomized controlled trials with a representative sample of sufficient size to detect the smallest worthwhile effects. For Sportscience reviews, follow the instructions in the template on how to create figures. com com Ibrahim Toure says Aug 12, 2015 at 8 26 am Very well said!

A literature review in any field is essential as it offers a comprehensive overview and recapitulation on the given scholarship from past to present, giving the reader a sense of focus as to which direction your new research is headed See Reference 3. The unit of analysis can focus on a theoretical concept or a whole theory or framework. What types of sources should I review books, journal articles, websites scholarly versus popular sources? That is why we introduced our video tutorial option.

Want the full version to study at home, take to school or just scribble on? The Literature Review A Step-by-Step Guide for Students.

Also, the length of a literature review and the required number of sources will vary based on course and instructor preferences.

Literature search finding materials relevant to the subject being explored Data evaluation determining which literature makes a significant contribution to the understanding of the topic Analysis and interpretation discussing the findings and conclusions of pertinent literature Literature reviews should comprise the following elements An overview of the subject, issue or theory under consideration, along with the objectives of the literature review Division of works under review into categories e.


The Literature Review The purpose of this guide is to provide advice on how to develop and organize a research paper in the social sciences. This is probably a good time to decide whether to go for a mini- or a full review.


Last updated November 21, 2014 Note For these guidelines, in some sections I have quoted directly some of the the steps from Galvan, J. Should I provide subheadings and other background information, such as definitions and or a history?

What other sections you include in the body is up to you but include only what is necessary for the reader to locate your study within the larger scholarship framework.


Almost all innocent individuals exonerated by DNA evidence had been convicted primarily as a result of erroneous eyewitness evidence ref. The current status of the knowledge or research about a topic, question or field The theoretical approach es used in studying this particular topic or question The data collection tools and procedures used and their implications on the body of knowledge The future direction s on a topic in terms of theory, methodology, questions for further study, and so on Traditional or narrative literature review Critiques and summarizes a body of literature Draws conclusions about the topic Identifies gaps or in a body of knowledge Requires a sufficiently focused research question Systematic literature review More rigorous and well-defined approach Comprehensive Published and unpublished studies relating to a particular subject area Details the time frame within which the literature was selected Details the methods used to evaluate and synthesize findings of the studies in question Meta-analysis A form of systematic review reductive Takes findings from several studies on the same subject and analyzes them using standardized statistical procedures Integrates findings from a large body of quantitative findings to enhance under-standing study unit of analysis Draws conclusions and detect patterns and relationships From the. Create a graphic map with all the concepts and ideas you ll want to include in the outline for a literature review. This is why it is still good practice to begin research in an academic library. Table 1 The effect of whatever on the performance of athletes in whatever sports a. Narrow the Topic The narrower your topic, the easier it will be to limit the number of sources you need to read in order to obtain a good survey of relevant resources. However, note that they can also introduce problems of bias when they are used to make summary claims of the sort found in systematic reviews see below. Note key statistics that you may want to use in the introduction to your review. Do not use extensive quotes as a substitute for your own summary and interpretation of the literature. You are also developing skills in reviewing and writing, to provide a foundation on which you will build in subsequent courses within your M. Here again, if the same authors are being cited again and again, this may indicate no new literature has been written on the topic.


The past tense is most commonly used and is also known as the reporting tense.

Is contrary data considered or is certain pertinent information ignored to prove the author s point? You may find there a database of textbooks, journal articles, newspaper articles, magazines features, reports, etc. For instance, you might explain that your review includes only peer-reviewed articles and journals.


Even when paraphrasing an author s work, you still must provide a citation to that work. A literature review does not present an original argument.


Introduction The introduction should define your topic and provide an appropriate context for reviewing the literature establish your reasons i.


It is a quick, easy read that will help you find your footing as you begin! Look at sources the authors cite to in their work.


Evaluate your references for currency and coverage Although you can always find more articles on your topic, you have to decide at what point you are finished with collecting new resources so that you can focus on writing up your findings. Sometimes you may need to quote certain terminology that was coined by the author, not common knowledge, or taken directly from the study. Pick something you re interested in and that you have experience researching. When writing a literature review research paper you will have to focus on certain ideas that bring together various sources rather than simply list those sources with a short description of each. Locate your own research within the context of existing literature very important.

This helps to eliminate the non-relevant work and also some of the lower quality research.


On the other hand, only a topic is likely to lead to a brilliant literature review. They should take a critical eye to published research to provide insight on the topic.


University of North Carolina Onwuegbuzie, Anthony J.

The type of information you choose to mention should relate directly to the research problem, whether it is thematic, or chronological.

For Sportscience reviews, follow the instructions in the template on how to create figures.


Keep your review focused on your topic make sure that the articles you find are relevant and directly related to your topic. Please feel free to visit my Facebook here Gratefully, Dr.


those in support of a particular position, those against, and those offering alternative theses entirely Explanation of how each work is similar to and how it varies from the others Conclusions as to which pieces are best considered in their argument, are most convincing of their opinions, and make the greatest contribution to the understanding and development of their area of research In assessing each piece, consideration should be given to Provenance What are the author s credentials?

In the middle are techniques with uncertain precision and questionnaires with open-ended responses. Questions for Further Research What questions about the field has the review sparked? It usually contains a summary, a synthesis, or an analysis of the key arguments in the existing literature. Pautasso M 2012 Publication growth in biological sub-fields patterns, predictability and Identify areas of prior scholarship to prevent duplication of effort. At this point consider Does your study extend current research?

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